The Impact of Oil and Energy Development in Out-of-Hospital Emergency Medical Services

Out‐of‐hospital EMS is a vital part of the local infrastructure of Dunn, Williams, Mountrail and McKenzie counties. Around the clock, these services stand ready to respond to the emergent medical crisis of anyone _ resident, visitor or worker _ who calls for help. However, changes in socioeconomic conditions, demographics, healthcare and a rapid increase in energy exploration, drilling and extraction in the region are all having an impact on EMS.

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